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Sleep apnea – Causes | Symptoms and Cure

Sleep apnea is observed more often among males than among women, especially African American and Hispanic guys. A significant symptom is very loud snoring, occasionally so loudly that mattress partner or someone resting beside finds it excruciating. Other signs that sleep apnea can be found are obesity, persistent daytime sleepiness, bouts of waking from breath throughout the nighttime, and often waking in the morning having a dry mouth or even a hassle. However, not one of those symptoms is always current. Just a sleep research at a sleep lab or a home sleep study may reveal definitively that sleep apnea is present and how intense it is.

What is sleep apnea?

It is a common sleep disorder in which a person may have shallow breathing or one or more pauses in breathingwhilein sleep.

Sleep apnea is a common but severe sleep disorder where your breathing is temporarily interrupted when you are asleep. In case you have sleep apnea, then you are probably unaware of those brief breathing pauses that happen hundreds of times every night, jolting you from your normal sleep rhythm. All you know is that you don’t feel as lively, mentally sharp, or satisfied during the day since you ought to do.

Types of Sleep Apnea

1. Central sleep apnea

Central sleep apnea is a not as common kind of sleep apnea which affects the central nervous system. It occurs when the brain misses signaling the muscles that control breathing. Individuals with central sleep apnea infrequently snore.

2. Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea is due to a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue at the back of the throat collapses and closes during sleep. Back in central sleep apnea, the airway isn’t blocked, but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe.

3. Complex Sleep Apnea

Complex sleep apnea, as its name suggests, is a blend of both. With each apnea event, the mind rouses the sleeper, generally just partly, to indicate breathing to restart. Because of this, the patient’s sleep is extremely fragmented and of poor quality.

The most common type of sleep apnea–obstructive sleep apnea–occurs if the airway is obstructed, causing pauses in breathing and loud snoring. Since sleep apnea just happens while you are sleeping, you might just find you have a difficulty if a bed partner or roommate complains about your snoring. Although you might feel self-conscious about it or enticed to make light of your snoring simply, it is something that you should not dismiss. Sleep apnea can have a severe toll on your physical and psychological well-being.

Signs & Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea can cause you to awake in the morning feeling exhausted or unrefreshed even though you have had a complete night of sleep. Throughout the daytime, you can feel fatigued, have trouble in focusing or you could even inadvertently fall asleep. That is because your body is waking up multiple times during the night, even though you may not know about each waking.

Major symptoms or warning signs of Sleep Apnea

Here are some common sleep apnea symptoms in men and women to be noted.

– Daytime fatigue and sleepiness, regardless how much time you spend in bed

– Waking up at night feeling short of breath

– Gasping, snorting or choking during sleep

– Chronic and loud snoring

Other signs

– Morning Headaches

– Depression, uncharacteristic moodiness or irritability

– Impotence

– Difficulty in concentrating and forgetfulness

– Going to the bathroom frequently during night

– Fitful sleep or restlessness; nighttime awakenings or Insomnia

– Waking up with sore throat or dry mouth

Risk Factors – who are more prone to develop sleep apnea?

The significant risk factor for sleep apnea is excessive body weight. You’re much more likely to have sleep apnea if you’re overweight or obese. But, sleep apnea may happen in slim individuals too. Common risk factors for sleep apnea include:

#1. Family History – Sleep apnea is a heritable condition. This usually means that you have a greater chance of sleep apnea in case a relative also has it. Inherited traits that develop the danger for sleep apnea involve physical features like a recessed jaw and obesity.

#2. Hypertension–People who have sleep apnea also commonly suffers from high blood pressure.

#3. Gender–Sleep Apnea is quite common in males rather than females. However, among women the risk of developing sleep apnea increases with menopause.

#4. Excess Weight–A person is at higher risk of developing sleep apnea is he or she is an overweight.

Sleep Apnea Diagnosis

A certified sleep medicine doctor can diagnose the type of sleep apnea having an in-lab sleep analysis or a house sleep apnea evaluation. A board-certified sleep doctor has training and experience in diagnosing and treating sleep apnea.

You might also have to maintain a sleep journal for fourteen days as it is one of the effective sleep apnea test. Including information for what time you went to bed nightly, once you awakened in the morning and how often you woke up each evening. This will help the doctor find out your sleeping patterns, which might include clues about how to diagnose and fix your sleep issue.

Sleep Apnea Cures

If your sleep apnea is mild to severe, or you have tried self-improvement strategies and lifestyle modifications with no achievement, a sleep physician might help you discover an effective therapy. Sleep apnea treatment has come a very long way recently, so even if you’re unhappy with sleep apnea therapy previously, you might now find something which is right for you.

1. Continuous Positive Airflow Pressure or CPAP

It is the most frequent medication for moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. The CPAP device is a mask-like machine which covers your mouth and nose, supplying a steady flow of air which keeps your breathing passages open while you are sleeping.

2. Surgery

In case you’ve exhausted other sleep apnea therapy options, surgery may increase the size of your airway, thus reducing episodes of sleep apnea.

Can you die from sleep apnea?

Yes, it is possible that one can die from sleep apnea. People with untreated sleep apnea are prone to:

– Have a heart attack 2-3 times more than other human being

– Can develop type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure

One of the latest example of sleep apnea death is the sad demise of Carrie Fisher.

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